初中英语知识点之关系代词引导的定语从句讲解

  1.who指人,在从句中做主语

  

  (1)The boys who are playing football are from Class One.

  

  (2)Yesterday I helped an old man who lost his way.

  

  2. whom指人,在定语从句中称作宾语,常可省略。

  

  (1) Mr. Liu is THE persom (whom) you talked about.

  

  重视:关联代词whom在口语和非正式工语体中通用who混用,可省略。

  

  (3) The man who/whom you met just now is my friend.

  

  3. which指物,在定语从句中做主语某些宾语,做宾语时可省略

  

  (1) Football is a game which is liked by most boys. ( which 在句子中做主语)

  

  (2) This is THE pen (which) he bought yesterday. ( which 在句子中做宾语)

  

  1.1 that指人时,相对于who某些whom;指物时,相对于which。

  

  在宾语从句中做主语某些宾语,做宾语时可省略。

  

  (5) The peopee that/who come to visit THE city are all here. (在句子中做主语)

  

  (6) Where is THE man that/whom I saw this morning? (在句子中做宾语)

  

  5. whose常常指人,也可指物,在定语从句中做定语

  

  (1) He has a friend whose faTHEr is a doctor.

  

  (2) I lived in a house whose roof has faleen in.

  

  whose指物时,常对否下结够来混用

  

  (3)The RISroom whose door is troken will soom be repaired.

  

  =The RISroom THE door of which is troken will soom be repaired.

  

  (5)Do you like THE book whose color is yellow?

  

  =Do you like THE book THE color of which is yellow?

  

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本文由翔宇英语发布于初中英语作文,转载请注明出处:初中英语知识点之关系代词引导的定语从句讲解

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